České vysoké učení technické v Praze, ČVUT, (Czech Technical University in Prague, Czech Republic)

The Czech Technical University in Prague was founded in Prague on 18th January 1707 as the only technical engineering school in Central Europe in that time. In 1806 the Czech Engineering School was transformed into Prague Polytechnic, based on the model of l' Ecole Polytechnique de Paris. At that time Prague Polytechnic was the only school of higher technical education in the Austrian Empire.

Many other people famous for their work in the sciences worked and thought at Prague Polytechnic. The most outstanding was Christian Doppler, Professor of mathematics and practical geometry from 1837 to 1847. In 1842 Doppler formulated his well-known principle concerning the frequency shift of waves due to the relative velocity of the source and the observer. This effect is routinely used in many fields of human activities, including physics, astronomy, medicine, meteorology and transformation. In 1863, Prague Polytechnic was transformed into a technical university headed by a rector. At that time the studies were divided into 4 specializations: Mechanical Engineering, Chemistry, Civil Engineering and Architecture. After the disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the name of the school was changed in 1920 to the Czech Technical University in Prague, which united seven schools, including the School of Chemical Technology, the School of Agriculture and Forestry, and the School of Business. These three above mentioned schools developed into independent universities in the early 1950s. In 1921, Academician František Klokner founded the research and testing institute for materials and structures, attached to CTU. This was the first institute of its kind in Central Europe and it exists still to this day. The CTU Professor František Běhounek, a postgraduate student of Marie Curie-Sklodowska, made important contributions to dosimetry. He participated in two expeditions to the North Pole, the second of which, led by Italian general Umberto Nobile, ended with the tragic crash of the airship “Italia”. Běhounek continued making improvised measurements of natural radioactivity in the survivors' camp and obtained very important data. In 1975, Professor Vlado Prelog, a 1928 CTU graduate, won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry.

CTU is a public university which educates future scientists, supports scientific work, and is a center for scientific and educational activities in technical fields. CTU develops scientific and educational research, creative and technical activities in accordance with the social requirements, worldwide trends and the principles of freedom of intellectual activities. Among other priorities there also belong a continuous and wide-ranging development of international cooperation and further improvements of external relations and the university position in the Czech Republic and abroad.

First aeronautical lectures on aerodynamics, flight mechanics, aircraft structures, and design under a common title “Fundamentals of aviation” had been held since April 10th, 1910 at CTU in Prague, at that time placed in the town Pardubice, and had been delivered by the rector of CTU, Professor Viktor Felber. It started just a week before the first flight in the Czech Kingdom, which was performed by a Czech aviator Ing. Jan Kašpar on the airplane Blériot XI. Lateron (also in the town Pardubice). In 1920 a professor Václav Felix at the CTU continued aeronautical lectures under a regular engineering study course “Aeronautics and Air Navigation”. An important milestone in a progress of the aeronautical engineering education at CTU was the establishment of the regular aeronautical engineering study program as a one year master degree course; which was done on April 11th, 1929. In this program taught subjects were: General Theory of Aeronautics, Theoretical and Experimental Aerodynamics, Aircraft Design, Aircraft Engines Design, Aeronautical Materials, Aeronautical Radio-Technics, Meteorology, Aeronautical Instruments and Avionics, Air Navigation (Professor Felix used special term “Avigation”), Aeronautical Medicine and Health Care, Aeronautical Photography, Aircraft Testing and Aircraft Operations. The course continued after WW2 till 1950. Then aeronautical engineering education was shifted by a government political decision to the newly established Military Academy in Brno. In 1975 civil education and training in the field of aeronautical engineering was again re-established at the CTU. Three new departments were created. At the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering it was the Department of Aeronautical Engineering aimed to educate and train engineers in Aircraft Design, Aircraft Turbojet Engines and Aircraft Production Technology. Furthermore, at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering it was the Department of Radio-Navigation and the Department of Aircraft and Engines Control Systems and Avionics. These departments also provided and guaranteed postgraduate courses and PhD. study programs. Up to the splitting of Czechoslovakia in 2003 more than 2000 aeronautical engineers and more than 100 PhD. Students graduated in these three departments.

After the velvet revolution in the Czechoslovakia in 1989, the CTU in Prague has undergone rapid evolution and new aeronautical and space applications in mechanical, transport, and electrical engineering have been adopted in a number of departments and a number of new courses and interdisciplinary study programs have been created. The aeronautical and space engineering at CTU makes an important part of its activity and comprises broad range of applications.

In the field of Aerospace Engineering the CTU in Prague educates undergraduate and graduate students for the engineering and scientific career in the aerospace industry, research, development, air transport and other aerospace business activities.

In all aerospace oriented study programs, faculties and departments cooperate to provide subjects in a wide scope of engineering to ensure high quality of education. The main purpose of the education is to train experts prepared and capable to solve wide range of tasks and challenges in the whole aerospace field as well as in other technical and non-technical fields. Actual student body in both bachelor and master degree aeronautical and space engineering programs at the CTU in Prague is about 520.

The role of CTU in Prague in the PERSEUS project will be to lead WP6, and in addition to participate actively in WP4.